Reflections on the Civil War

John M. MaCardell wrote the article, The State of Letters. In this article MaCardell writes about the war in it’s totalities from the perspectives of the Union, the Confederates, and the African Americans. He say’s that when the North and South decided to reconcile, it came with certain conditions. For example, “There would be no discussing the war’s causes, no rehashing of the arguments for and against slavery,” and most importantly their was no more debates over equality, (McCardell). This article mocks the whole idea of an American Civil War, because Americans had a “reconciliationist spirit” on the war that had just cost them the lives of many men that deserved to live. Americans were having parades and doing re-enactments of battles, while the African Americans remained the same. Although African Americans were no longer slaves due to the Emancipation Proclamation, they were still “slaves” to many racist Americans.

The image below shows two African Americans and a baby being bullied by a member of the Ku Klux Klan and a member of the White League. These were organizations whose aim was to suppress African Americans from practicing their rights as freed slaves. On the picture it say’s “worse than slavery.” It is clear that while African Americans were no longer “slaves,” White Americans still believed themselves as superior. Since African Americans never truly received equality they were still mistreated by Whites. African Americas probably saw the Construction Era as worse than slavery because now they were being persecuted and killed. Southerners were upset at their revolt and at the fact that they had received the right to vote, that they did everything in their power to scare them form their rights. The article and picture relate because the article discusses the side no one ever heard, the African American’s side, and the image reveals the Americans way to scare African Americans away.


Works Cited

McCARDELL JR., JOHN M. “Reflections On The Civil War.” Sewanee Review 122.2 (2014): 295-303. Academic Search Complete. Web. 20 Jan. 2015.


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